Geohistorical plants occurrences database

Latest version published by UMR 5602 Géographie de l’environnement (CNRS/Université Toulouse 2) on Jul 12, 2021 UMR 5602 Géographie de l’environnement (CNRS/Université Toulouse 2)

The data file contains occurrence data based on historical observations and records between 1651 and 2004. Ten plant species have been studied : Alnus incana (L.) Moench, 1794 ; Buddleja davidii Franch., 1887 ; Castanea sativa Mill., 1798 ; Helianthus tuberosus L., 1753 ; Impatiens glandulifera Royle, 1833 ; Prunus cerasifera Ehrh., 1784 ; Prunus laurocerasus L., 1753 ; Reynoutria japonica Houtt., 1777 ; Robinia pseudoacacia L., 1753 ; and Spiraea japonica L.f., 1782. The data file is the result of a geo-historical study conducted over five months on the invasive plants species's introduction and distribution in Occitania (France), carried out within the framework of the EI2P-VALEEBEE project (Invasive species and pollinators, between constraints and potentials). Historical sources have been consulted during 2020 in order to find the oldest elements about the ten species. Each data corresponds to an historical observation or mention on one of the ten species of the study mainly on Metropolitan French territory since their introduction. Without an historical analysis, it is difficult to understand the current local distribution dynamics of invasive plant species, especially when some of them have been introduced on Metropolitan French territory for several centuries. All the interest of these occurrence data is to bring an historical depth allowing us to apprehend the local distribution of the ten species of the study over time. This can be allowed thanks to the record of several elements on their places of introduction, the comments from authors and observers on their abundance, and elements on the historical context of introduction. More generally, this historical data file is part of a multidisciplinary approach proposed by the members of EI2P project whose objective is to better take into account the ecological socio-cultural and economic issues raised by the issue of invasive alien plants.

This work was endorsed by the CNRS/INEE Zone Atelier Pyrénées Garonne (ZA PYGAR). The Zones Ateliers network (RZA) is recognized by ALLENVI, as an eLTER (European Long-Term Ecological Research).

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 199 records. 1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Occurrence (core)
    199
  • Identification 
    236

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 199 records in English (73 KB) - Update frequency: as needed
Metadata as an EML file download in English (35 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (28 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Claudel M, Lerigoleur E, Brun C, Guillerme S (2021): Geohistorical plants occurrences database. v1.2. UMR 5602 Géographie de l’environnement (CNRS/Université Toulouse 2). Dataset/Occurrence. http://ipt.gbif.fr/resource?r=ei2p_exotic_plants_geohistorical_occurrences_database&v=1.2

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is UMR 5602 Géographie de l’environnement (CNRS/Université Toulouse 2). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 345820cc-a0a8-4d76-b7eb-fba85b21ad08.  UMR 5602 Géographie de l’environnement (CNRS/Université Toulouse 2) publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF France.

Keywords

Occurrence; Observation; invasive species; introduced species; plants; Alnus incana (L.) Moench; 1794; Buddleja davidii Franch.; 1887; Castanea sativa Mill.; 1798; Helianthus tuberosus L.; 1753; Impatiens glandulifera Royle; 1833; Prunus cerasifera Ehrh.; 1784; Prunus laurocerasus L.; 1753; Reynoutria japonica Houtt.; 1777; Robinia pseudoacacia L.; 1753; Spiraea japonica L.f.; 1782; Europe; 17th century; 18th century; 19th century; 20th century; 21st century; Historical geography; Historical ecology; Botany

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Morgane Claudel
Stagiaire Master 2 (internship)
UMR 5602 Géographie de l’environnement (CNRS/Université Toulouse 2) 5 Allées Antonio Machado 31058 TOULOUSE FR
Emilie Lerigoleur
Ingénieure d'étude géomatique (GIS engineer)
UMR 5602 Géographie de l’environnement (CNRS/Université Toulouse 2) 5 Allées Antonio Machado 31058 TOULOUSE FR
Cécile Brun
Maître de Conférences (Senior Lecturer)
Université de Nantes 5 Allées Antonio Machado 31058 TOULOUSE FR
Sylvie Guillerme
Chargée de Recherche (Researcher)
UMR 5602 Géographie de l’environnement (CNRS/Université Toulouse 2) 5 Allées Antonio Machado 31058 TOULOUSE FR

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Morgane Claudel
Stagiaire Master 2 (internship)
UMR 5602 Géographie de l’environnement (CNRS/Université Toulouse 2) 5 Allées Antonio Machado 31058 TOULOUSE FR
Emilie LERIGOLEUR
Ingénieure d'étude géomatique (GIS engineer)
UMR 5602 Géographie de l’environnement (CNRS/Université Toulouse 2) 5 Allées Antonio Machado 31058 TOULOUSE FR
Cécile Brun
Maître de Conférences (Senior Lecturer)
Université de Nantes 5 Allées Antonio Machado 31058 TOULOUSE FR
Sylvie Guillerme
Chargée de Recherche (Researcher)
UMR 5602 Géographie de l’environnement (CNRS/Université Toulouse 2) 5 Allées Antonio Machado 31058 TOULOUSE FR

Who filled in the metadata:

Morgane Claudel
Stagiaire Master 2 (internship)
UMR 5602 Géographie de l’environnement (CNRS/Université Toulouse 2) 5 Allées Antonio Machado 31058 TOULOUSE FR
Emilie LERIGOLEUR
Ingénieure d'étude géomatique (GIS engineer)
UMR 5602 Géographie de l’environnement (CNRS/Université Toulouse 2) 5 Allées Antonio Machado 31058 TOULOUSE FR

Who else was associated with the resource:

Distributor
GBIF France
IT support
GBIF France FR
http://www.gbif.fr

Geographic Coverage

Occurrences are mainly observed in Metropolitan France, particularly in the South-West part (Occitanie). Few occurrences were observed in Belgium and UK.

Bounding Coordinates South West [42.098, -8.613], North East [59.266, 8.438]

Taxonomic Coverage

No Description available

Species  Alnus incana (L.) Moench, 1794,  Buddleja davidii Franch., 1887,  Castanea sativa Mill., 1798,  Helianthus tuberosus L., 1753,  Impatiens glandulifera Royle, 1833,  Prunus cerasifera Ehrh., 1784,  Prunus laurocerasus L., 1753,  Reynoutria japonica Houtt., 1777,  Robinia pseudoacacia L., 1753,  Spiraea japonica L.f., 1782

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1651-01-01 / 2004-01-01

Project Data

Invasives, et pourtant utiles, comment est abordé ce compartiment de la biodiversité au-delà du discours prônant une irréaliste éradication sans nuance ? Quels regards portent les sciences et la société sur cet apparent paradoxe ? Sur le terrain, quelles sont les perceptions et pratiques des acteurs locaux concernant des espèces qui ont envahi les milieux ? Quelles en sont les caractéristiques écologiques et leurs dynamiques ? Comment se comportent les pollinisateurs face à ces espèces, et en particulier comment les abeilles les perçoivent-elles ? La confrontation des regards (scientifiques versus profanes) proposée dans une perspective socio-spatiale, écologique et éthologique contribuera à éclairer d’un jour nouveau les défis liés aux invasions biologiques et les menaces qui pèsent sur les pollinisateurs. Le projet EI2P génèrera plusieurs types de connaissances, dans chacun des quatre lots, notamment : - Des analyses sociologiques des représentations et des pratiques en lien avec les espèces invasives et les pollinisateurs, - Des données sur l'écologie des espèces, des communautés et des milieux concernés par ces invasions, - Des connaissances sur le comportement des abeilles, - Des connaissances sur la spatialisation des espèces invasives, leur impact sur les sols et les services écosystémiques.

Title EI2P - Espèces invasives et pollinisateurs, entre contraintes et potentiels | VALEEBEE - VALorisation des Espèces exotiques Envahissantes et Abeilles
Identifier EI2P: n° 19015261
Funding Région Occitanie - Appel à projets Recherche et Société(s) 2019 | Maison des Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société de Toulouse (MSH-T) APEX 2020
Study Area Description Geographic coverage: vallée de l’Oussouet (Hautes-Pyrénées) and vallée de la Pique (Haute-Garonne) in the South-West part of metropolitan France. Temporal coverage: from the 17th century until nowadays Taxonomic coverage : 10 plant species (Alnus incana, Buddleja davidii, Castanea sativa, Helianthus tuberosus, Impatiens glandulifera, Prunus cerasifera, Prunus laurocerasus, Reynoutria japonica, Robinia pseudoacacia, Spiraea japonica)
Design Description Invasions biologiques et déclin des pollinisateurs sont deux phénomènes qui représentent des enjeux majeurs car ils impactent négativement les activités économiques et agricoles, menacent la sécurité alimentaire et contribuent à la vulnérabilité des populations humaines, notamment dans la région Occitanie mais aussi au niveau mondial. Accentués par les problèmes de changements globaux ils représentent des risques auxquels les territoires doivent faire face. Or beaucoup de ces espèces dites invasives (les EEE « Espèces Exotiques Envahissantes) sont aussi de grandes pourvoyeuses de pollens et nectars recherchés par les abeilles, et sont également considérées, dans leur pays d'origine, comme des plantes utiles (espèces médicinales, engrais vert, etc). Les conséquences socio-économiques des invasions biologiques sont nombreuses, et leur estimation varie suivant les acteurs. Il reste cependant largement « politiquement incorrect » de considérer les espèces introduites comme une part intégrante et potentiellement valorisable de notre biodiversité, eu égard aux risques qu’elles représentent. Cependant, au-delà de valorisations économiques qui restent délicates, ces EEE sont à considérer sous un angle de potentiel biologique, par exemple comme substitut de biodiversité dans des contextes de dégradation irréversible des ressources initiales. Dans le projet EI2P nous les interrogeons au prisme du phénomène de déclin des pollinisateurs, et en particulier des abeilles domestiques.

The personnel involved in the project:

Principal Investigator
Guillerme Sylvie

Sampling Methods

We have selected ten plant species that all can be observed in our field of study. Some of them are considered as invasive alien species. The objective was to acquire elements on their introduction and distribution over time in the Pyrenean foothills in order to understand their current distribution locally. Over five months we read and consulted historical and archival sources to find the oldest occurrences of these ten species such as local and national newspapers, magazines, herbariums, monographs. Each time a species was mentioned in the historical literature, it was recorded in an occurrence data file. We recorded all the elements stated about it, the observation date and the mention date, the locality, the observers, a comment, a synonym... We connected all the occurrences with their respective bibliographic reference. The occurrence data file was checked and we operated to quality controls such as data cleaning and corrections, harmonization and standardization of content, data and metadata enrichment (eg. geolocation refinement, taxa additional information), cross-reference checking for taxa, geolocation municipality names and bibliographic references. At the same time a mapping with Darwin Core terms was realized in order to facilitate future deposit of the occurrence data file in the GBIF platform through the Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT) tool. Specific work on synonyms of taxon names has also been undertaken in order to record the names of taxa as they have been cited in the literature consulted, using the Darwin Core Identification History (https://tools.gbif.org/dwca-validator/extension.do?id=dwc:Identification). Glossary: ASTREDHOR : Institut Technique de l'Horticulture (France) CBNPMP : Conservatoire Botanique National des Pyrénées et de Midi-Pyrénées CNPAIM : Conservatoire National des Plantes à Parfum, Médicinales et Aromatiques DAISIE : Delivering Alien Invasive Species in Europe FranceAgriMer : Établissement national des produits de l'Agriculture et de la Mer GNIS : Interprofession des semences et des plants INPN : Inventaire National du Patrimoine Naturel INRA : Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique IPNI : International Plant Names Index ISC CABI : Invasive Species Compendium ISSG : Invasive Species Specialist Group ITSAP : Institut Technique et Scientifique de l'Abeille et de la Pollinisation IUCN : International Union for Conservation of Nature SBF : Société des Bourses Françaises SNHF : Société Nationale d'Horticulture de France VAL'HOR : Interprofession française de l'horticulture, de la fleuristerie et du paysage

Study Extent Within the framework of this geohistorical study, we studied archival sources in order to find information on the introductions and distributions of target species in Occitania. However, all historical occurrences outside this area were recorded. This explains the European geographical coverage. The geohistorical study was realised from July to November 2020.
Quality Control Several quality controls have been implemented. First, data cleaning and corrections were performed with a proofreading by a third party and the use of pivot tables to check data integrity. Harmonization and standardization of content were also necessary to allow and facilitate the mapping with Darwin Core terms. The latter made it possible to identify new additional information such as nomenclatural code, coordinate uncertainty, geodetic datum, georeference source, license, etc. We chose as many standards as possible to describe country codes (ISO 3166-1-alpha-2), municipality names and their geographic coordinates (geonames.org), taxon scientific names (TAXREF v13.0 - 2019-12-06), and taxon ID from several sources (GBIF, IUCN, Catalogue of Life, IPNI, INPN, Tela Botanica BDTFX). Finally we used a GIS tool (QGIS 3.10 LTR) to check the geographic coordinates of occurrences.

Method step description:

  1. Step 1 : Species selection Current field observations were made particularly on the two valleys selected in the South-West of France: the Vallée de la Pique in the Pyrenean Piedmont and the Vallée de l'Oussouet in the Pyrenees. These two territories present a high rate of plant invasions. Four alien plant species were firstly observed to have a certain spatial coverage regarding to the two fields of study: Buddleja davidii Franch., 1887 ; Impatiens glandulifera Royle,1883 ; Reynoutria japonica Houtt., 1777 and Spiraea japonica L.f., 1782. The "Reference list on invasive alien plants in Midi-Pyrenees" (Occitania-France) updated by the Conservatoire botanique national des Pyrénées et de Midi-Pyrénées (CBNPMP) in 2018 was also consulted and six plant species were added to the selection on the basis of several relevance criteria: a lack of/ a lot of reference data in the existing literature at the national and/or local level (CBNPMP, GBIF, IUCN, Catalogue of Life, INPN, Tela Botanica BDTFX, Baseflor DB- Ph. Julve, Invasive Species Compendium CABI ISC, Delivering alien invasive species in Europe, DAISIE), the distribution of the species in Occitania (Human observations, GBIF), their current status (Muller S. et al., 2004 ; CBNPMP ; GBIF, IUCN), the most frequent species in the Southwest of France (Planty-Tabacchi, 1997), and the current knowledge on their honey and nectar potentials (FranceAgriMer, the ITSAP, the Ministry of Agriculture and Food, the SNHF, Astredhor and the VAL'HOR interprofession, in partnership with the INRA, the CNPAIM, the Gnis and the SBF). In addition to Buddleja davidii Franch., 1887 ; Impatiens glandulifera Royle,1883 ; Reynoutria japonica Houtt., 1777 and Spiraea japonica L.f., 1782 ; six plant species have been integrated to the selection : Alnus incana (L.) Moench, 1794 ; Castanea sativa Mill., 1798 ; Helianthus tuberosus L., 1753 ; 1833 ; Prunus cerasifera Ehrh., 1784 ; Prunus laurocerasus L., 1753 ; Robinia pseudoacacia L., 1753. (Ten plant species in total.)
  2. Step 2 : Consultation of historical sources over five months We first consulted those that contain botanical elements and allow us to have an idea of the presence of the ten species at national and local levels (France, Occitania, Pyrenees) during the different periods of History: herbariums and flores (Bordere Herbariums, 1871-1872 ; Philippe, Herbarium, 1884 ; Ramond Herbariums ,1755-1825 ; Flore de France, Abbé Coste, 1906 ; Flore de France, Rouy and Foucaud, 1896 ; Flore de France, Grenier and Gordon, 1848; Les quatre Flores de France by Fournier, 1977 ; La Flore des Pyrénées, X. Philippe, 1859 ; ...). To find elements on the introduction and the distribution of the ten plant species, different seed catalogs have been consulted with a special attention to those whose seed merchants are pioneers in the introduction of new seeds during the different periods of history, namely: the seed catalogues of Vilmorin and Andrieux (Andrieux, 1771; P. L. de (1872-1917) Vilmorin, 1906; P.-V. L. de (1746-1804); Vilmorin & Andrieux, 1783); Le catalogue général, Bonamy Frères, 1874; the Catalogue of Perennial and Outdoor Plants, Bonamy Freres, 1874; the Catalogue of Perennial and Outdoor Plants of Van Houtte, 1880; the General Seed Catalogue of Chouvet, 1902; ... In addition, we have collected a lot of information by stripping articles from horticultural, botanical and beekeeping newspapers and magazines (Bibliothèque Numérique de France - Gallica). Most of them appeared in the 19th century: Bulletins de la Société nationale d'acclimatation de France ; Revue des sciences naturelles appliquées ; Journal d'agriculture pratique, de jardinage et d'économie domestique ; Revue horticole ; Bulletins de la Société centrale d'apiculture ; Annales de la Société d’horticulture de la Haute-Garonne ; Bulletins d’exploration de la Société Ramond ; Lavedan et Pays Toy ; Monde des plantes ; Le Cultivateur aveyronnais ; Bulletins de la Société d'histoire naturelle de Toulouse, ... The Departmental Archives of Haute-Garonne and Hautes-Pyrénées, the Municipal Archives of Tarbes and Bagnères de-Luchon and some municipal monographs were also consulted (Barèges, Campan, Bagnères-de-Luchon, Bagnères-de-Bigorre, ...).
  3. Step 3 : Occurrences record in the data file Each time a species was mentioned in the historical literature consulted, it was recorded in an occurrence data file created in LibreOffice Calc (spreadsheet program). The file format is OpenDocument Spreadsheet (.ods). To record an occurrence, we paid attention to the vernacular and scientific synonyms used in the historical literature. We recorded the occurrences for which the historical name is currently identified as a synonym in the Catalogue of Life, INPN, and ISSG but also according to the amount of elements in the bibliographic source that allows us to identify the taxon as such: photographic representation, image or a plate of the species, precise description, mention of others known scientific and vernacular names. In the data file, we recorded a maximum of elements mentioned by the author: the synonym cited, the reference code from the French taxonomic referential TAXREF (https://inpn.mnhn.fr/programme/referentiel-taxonomique-taxref?lg=en), the bibliographic reference in which we found the mention of the species, the date of observation of the species or, failing that, the date of mention of the species, the name of the observers and authors, the type of sources, the description of the location as soon as it was mentioned, its spatial coverage and abundance, its minimum and maximum altitudes, any comments by the author about the species, the location of observation or mention of the species, the city, the latitude and longitude coordinates. In addition, each element concerning the literature source was recorded in the same software (LibreOffice Calc): bibliographic reference number (identifier), name of the author(s), title, year of publication; collection and publisher if they were mentioned as well as the city of publication, the name of the journal (if the source is an article), the URL if accessible, or the reference of the archive document with the location of the archive institution, the call number and the series.
  4. Step 4 : Darwin Core mapping The Darwin Core Standard "offers a stable, straightforward and flexible framework for compiling biodiversity data from varied and variable sources. (...) This standardization not only simplifies the process of publishing biodiversity datasets, it also makes it easy for users to discover, search, evaluate and compare datasets as they seek answers to today’s data-intensive research and policy questions." (source: https://www.gbif.org/darwin-core). Each column header of the occurrence spreadsheet has been searched for an equivalent term in the Darwin Core quick reference guide (https://dwc.tdwg.org/terms/). We chose also the Identification History extension (https://tools.gbif.org/dwca-validator/extension.do?id=dwc:Identification) to manage synonyms of taxon names as they have been cited in the literature consulted.
  5. Step 5 : Quality controls Several quality controls have been implemented. First, data cleaning and corrections were performed with a proofreading by a third party and the use of pivot tables to check data integrity. Harmonization and standardization of content were also necessary to allow and facilitate the mapping with Darwin Core terms. The latter made it possible to identify new additional information such as nomenclatural code, coordinate uncertainty, geodetic datum, georeference source, license, etc. We chose as many standards as possible to describe country codes (ISO 3166-1-alpha-2), municipality names and their geographic coordinates (geonames.org), taxon scientific names (TAXREF v13.0 - 2019-12-06), and taxon ID from several sources (GBIF, IUCN, Catalogue of Life, IPNI, INPN, Tela Botanica BDTFX). Finally we used a GIS tool (QGIS 3.10 LTR) to check the geographic coordinates of occurrences.

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 345820cc-a0a8-4d76-b7eb-fba85b21ad08
http://ipt.gbif.fr/resource?r=ei2p_exotic_plants_geohistorical_occurrences_database